Keto-adapted diets are gaining popularity among people in the United States and Europe, but they are also causing a health crisis.
The latest data from the World Health Organization suggests that the ketogenic diet, which includes eating foods that are low in carbs and fat, may be a way to fight the growing obesity epidemic.
Ketogenic diets have been touted for years by many researchers as a way of managing or even reversing diabetes and obesity.
But researchers say that while there are some important nutritional benefits associated with ketosis, they have yet to be proven.
Health experts have been quick to warn that ketosis can cause complications including liver damage, kidney damage, heart disease and diabetes.
A recent study from the U.K. also found that people on ketogenic diets had a higher risk of developing cancer, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.
So, what is ketosis?
Ketosis is the state of eating that has no carbohydrates and zero fat.
It’s a state in which the body has been given energy from food through a process called ketogenesis.
People with the metabolic syndrome, a group of health problems linked to the metabolic rate, typically experience ketosis.
The term ketosis was coined in 2000 by Dieter Helmreich, a scientist at the University of Basel.
It describes the state when there are fewer than 100 calories in your diet.
“There is no such thing as a ketogenic or low-carbohydrate diet, and this is an extreme form of starvation,” he told CBS News.
“The body is trying to burn up as much energy as possible.
And then it gets very fatigued and the metabolism slows down.”
In fact, the body may only need to burn off a small portion of the calories in a day.
So far, ketosis has not been proven to be helpful in controlling obesity or metabolic syndrome.
Ketosis can also lead to weight gain.
A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that those on ketosis gained about 20 pounds more than people on a normal diet, including a 10-pound gain on a keto diet.
Ketosis can lead to health problems like kidney damage and liver problems, too.
But because of the lack of insulin produced by the body, this is difficult to treat.
According to a study published last year in the New England Journal of Medicine, people on the keto-adaptated diet were able to lose weight and improve insulin sensitivity in the short term.
However, these people experienced weight gain and diabetes and developed heart disease in the long term.
It remains to be seen whether this can be prevented.
Dr. Andrew Koopman, the director of the Division of Metabolic Disorders at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, said that keto diets should be viewed in the context of other weight-loss methods.
“When people are eating in a ketotic state, their body burns more calories than it uses.
So they lose weight,” he said.
“We have no idea how long it will take to completely break down these calories in this state of ketosis.”
Dr. James Laub, an obesity expert and professor of medicine at the Mayo Clinic, told CBSNews.com that the new research suggests that people who are on keto may benefit from weight loss as long as they maintain their health.
“There’s a lot of evidence that ketones do improve insulin and leptin sensitivity, so there’s a possibility that the effect on insulin sensitivity may be protective against obesity and metabolic syndrome,” he explained.
Laub said that while it is possible that the benefits of ketogenic foods may be less than the benefits found in people on conventional diets, the evidence shows that they may be beneficial.
But he added that while some people may experience the benefits in a low-fat diet, that’s not the case with the ketosis state.
The body will not adapt to the ketotic diet, he said, which could lead to a “mixed bag of problems.”
Dr Laura Bierman, a clinical professor of nutrition at the Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, told The Associated Press that ketogenic dietary strategies could be helpful for some people with metabolic syndrome or those with certain health conditions, like diabetes.
But for others, they may not be beneficial and may actually be dangerous.
“It’s very important that the body not be misled into thinking it is a ketosis diet, it is not.
We should not confuse low-calorie diet with low-glycemic index diet, or low fat diet with high fat diet,” she said.”
Ketogenic diets are not the answer to ketogenesis, and we don’t know what the long-term health benefits will be.”